Lobster exports

A lobster entering a trap on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean off Biddeford, Maine, in September. Preliminary data  shows that U.S. lobster exports to China held steady during the year despite tariffs imposed during the current trade war. Robert F. Bukaty, AP file photo

PORTLAND, Maine — America is still sending millions of pounds of lobster to China, but members of the seafood industry remain on edge about the future of the United States' relationship with one of its most important customers.

The U.S. exported more than 17.6 million pounds of lobster to China last year, according to figures from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The U.S. had nudged beyond that figure through November of this year, even with December's numbers not yet included, the agency reported.

China is one of the biggest buyers of American lobster, which is hauled to the shore mostly in New England and maritime Canada. But China placed heavy tariffs on lobsters from the U.S. in July in a development that sent shockwaves through the seafood industry.

Members of the industry caution that the U.S. benefited from strong sales early in 2018, and that exports were off by 30 to 50 percent from previous years after the tariffs took effect. But the lobster business has shown an ability to weather a difficult time, said John Sackton, a seafood industry analyst with SeafoodNews.com.

"The overall exports did not fall off a cliff, as I thought they might," Sackton said. "There was a big push in the first six months to sell product into China."

There were other positive signs in the lobster industry, too. Lobsters have been readily available to U.S. consumers, and retail prices have been strong. Wholesale prices in February were also higher than the previous year.

But the tariffs from China have hurt some individual exporters more than others, said Annie Tselikis, executive director of the Maine Lobster Dealers' Association. The industry as a whole will also "never know how strong those exports" could have been if the tariffs hadn't been enacted at all.

That reflects what Bill Bruns, operations manager of The Lobster Co. in Arundel, Maine, has seen in his own export business. The tariffs, he said, have shifted export business to Canada, where fishermen catch the same species of lobster.

"With the Chinese tariff, that business trickled," Bruns said. "They paid sometimes, but not very often."

Locally, the tariff was cited in published comments by officials associated with Garbo Lobster Co. Inc. in Groton, when its parent company, East Coast Seafood Group, based in Topsfield, Mass., closed the business in January and laid off its employees.

Garbo had been in business for 36 years, and the workers at its 35,000-square-foot facility last month were certified by the U.S. Department of Labor as eligible for Trade Adjustment Assistance benefits — even though East Coast Seafood itself made no claim of economic disruption when it announced the closing of Garbo on Jan. 11.

According to an article in The Ellsworth American newspaper in Maine, "By most accounts, the Connecticut company was the single largest buyer of Maine lobsters, and one of the largest dealers of live lobster in the Northeast."

In a statement regarding the decision in February, U.S. Rep. Joe Courtney, D-Conn., said,  “It is particularly impressive because it was the workers, not the employer, who initiated this certification from the Department of Labor, which is extremely unusual. The Trade Adjustment Assistance program will provide enhanced benefits to these folks, opening the door to job training opportunities, in addition to unemployment benefits, so that they can be connected with Connecticut’s job market quickly and successfully."

Trade hostilities between the U.S. and China have continued since China slapped tariffs on many U.S. products last year. The countries have been attempting to negotiate an end to the trade fight in recent days. The future of the tariffs, and how long they could last, remains unclear for both countries.

Maine's four-member congressional delegation released a statement Wednesday that it has asked U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer to prioritize the lobster industry in upcoming negotiations. The delegation said it "cannot allow the future viability of this critical industry to be threatened by prolonged and unpredictable trade negotiations with China."

In the meantime, the U.S. has offset some of the loss by making some progress in opening up other Asian markets, such as Thailand and Taiwan, for American lobster, said Jeff Bennett, senior trade specialist at the Maine International Trade Center in Portland. However, it's imperative to keep China as a customer, he said.

The country approaches consuming 10 percent of all the lobster brought to shore in the U.S. in some years, including 2016.

"We need to get China back on line," Bennett said. "Anybody in the industry is going to tell you that."

A Sun editor contributed to this article.

Copyright 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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